Recent Changes to Australian Visas

Listed below are some changes recently announced by the Federal Government and the new arrangements for the skilled migration visa applications.

Changes to point-based skilled migration

Australia’s skilled migration program is a points-based system designed to attract highly qualified and experienced professionals to best meet Australia’s skills needs.

There are a number of skilled migration visas that require applicants to score a minimum number of points to qualify for permanent skilled migration (subclass 189, 190 & 489 visas).  

The government announced that from 1 July 2018 the points threshold will now be increased from 60 to 65 for skilled – independent, nominated and regional sponsored visa categories. 

Increase in visa fees

Government application charges for most Australian visas were increased on 1 July 2018.

The government is hoping to generate $410 million dollars over a four-year period from 2017 to 2021.

In partner visa applications, the prospective applicant will now need to pay $7,160 instead of $7,000.

The fee for Business Innovation and Investment (Subclass 188 Provisional) visa in the Premium Investor stream will record the highest hike of $190. Applicants will now have to pay $8,770 instead of $8,580.

Global Talent Visa scheme

The Global Talent Scheme will commence in July 2018 on a trial basis for 12 months.

More information can be found on the Department’s website here -

The visa scheme aims to attract highly skilled workers to deliver innovation to Australia’s tech industry. It consists of two streams - start-up stream and established business stream.

  1. Established Business stream allows employers who are accredited sponsors to employ highly-skilled individuals with cutting-edge skills to contribute to innovation in an established business, and help make Australian businesses and their Australian employees the best at what they do. 
  2. Startup stream allows employers to sponsor highly-skilled individuals with cutting-edge skills to contribute to Australia's startup ecosystem and bring new ideas, new jobs, new skills and new technology for Australia. This stream is for startups operating in a technology based or STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) related field. Startups must be endorsed by the independent startup advisory panel.

In both instances, a four-year Temporary Skill Shortage visa will be issued with the option to apply for permanent residence after three years.

Employers will be required to demonstrate that they prioritise the employment of Australians and that there will be skills transferred to Australian workers as a result of the person being granted a visa.

It may have been introduced to complement skill shortages resulting from reduced occupations eligible for the Temporary Skills Shortage (subclass 482) visa scheme.  

If your business meets all of the above criteria for the stream you are interested in, email with the following information:

  1. Business name and ABN/ACN
  2. Description of the positions required not available or are restricted on the eligible skilled occupations lists. 

Changes to employer sponsored visas

Government plans to implement the Skilled Australians Fund for employer sponsored visa categories. This will be followed by the introduction of training levy also known as Nomination Training Contribution Charge (NTCC) for the respective sponsors.

Employers and businesses seeking to nominate a worker will need to pay NTCC for the following visas: Temporary Skill Shortage (TSS) (Subclass 482) visa, which is replacing visa subclass 457; Employer Nomination Scheme (ENS) (Subclass 186) visa; and Regional Sponsored Migration Scheme (RSMS) (Subclass 187) visa.

For an 482 visa, an annual fee of $1200 would be implemented for each nomination for a business that has a turnover of less than 10 million dollars.

A fee of $3,000 is set for an employee on a permanent skilled visa (186 and 187 visa).

Spike expected in General Skilled Migration (GSM) visa applications

General Skilled Migration Visa is designed for skilled workers who are willing to live and work in Australia on a permanent basis. This visa is also applicable to those individuals who can get sponsorship of an Australian employer.

Increasingly there are very few options available for international students under the Employer Nominated Scheme (TSS, ENS, RSMS) due to minimum work experience requirements and as a result this is likely to lead to increase lodgement of General Skilled Migration (GSM) visas (489, 189, 190 and 887).


Acknowledgement: Special Broadcasting Service (SBS)

Being a 457 holder in a TSS world

Since the March 2018 changes to the Temporary Work visa program were rolled out, Putt Legal has been approached by a number of current and prospective clients who already hold subclass 457 visas, and want to know what these changes mean for their permanent residence prospects.

Previously, 457 holders were able to apply for permanent residence through the Temporary Resident Transition (‘TRT’) scheme of the subclass 186/187 visas, after working for 2 years and fulfilling various other criteria. The TRT arrangements have changed, however there are transitional arrangements in place for some 457 visa holders.

The below table provides a general overview, but please contact us on (08) 9221 7682 for individualised advice:

Category of 457 holder

Transitional arrangement

Held a subclass 457 visa on 18 April 2017 and continues to hold this visa at the time of TRT application

  • The applicant’s nominated occupation does not need to be on the current list of eligible occupations.

  • The age requirement will remain at less than 50 years of age with existing age exemptions still available


  • The minimum period an applicant is required to have been employed as the holder of a subclass 457 or TSS visa will remain at two years out of the last three years.

Held a subclass 457 visa on 18 April 2017 and holds a bridging visa related to a 457/TSS visa application at the time of TRT application

Lodged a 457 application on or before 18 April 2017 which was granted, and continues to hold this visa at the time of TRT application

Lodged a 457 application on or before 18 April 2017 which was granted, and holds a bridging visa related to a 457/TSS visa at the time of TRT application

Anyone else

The new requirements apply

These transitional arrangements are in place to ensure that people who already held or had applied for 457 visas before the changes were announced on 18 April 2017, are not unfairly disadvantaged by the new changes.


Bridging Visa B (BVB)

This article explains the need for making Bridging Visa B applications if you have applied for a visa in Australia, or are applying a visa refusal/cancellation to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal (AAT), and need to travel overseas briefly.

If you have applied for a visa in Australia, and are on a bridging visa A (i.e. it is in effect), or are awaiting an AAT hearing or judicial review of a decision to refuse to grant that visa, do not forget to apply for a bridging visa B if you wish to travel outside of Australia for a substantial reason. This is because other bridging visas expire as soon as you depart Australia, and it may not be a straightforward process getting another visa to re enter Australia.

As a recent example, we had a Canadian national call Putt Legal from Bali a few days ago. She had applied for a partner visa in Australia late last year, and her bridging visa A was in effect as her working holiday visa had expired. Her Australian partner suggested a short notice holiday in Bali, and she received advice (including from Immigration officials at Perth airport) that it would be easy to get an Electronic Travel Authority (ETA) via the Internet after arrival in Bali i.e. without being granted a bridging visa B before departure. That did not prove to be the case. She sought Putt’s Legal assistance, and we facilitated an application for a separate visitors visa in Indonesia.

A bridging visa B must be applied for, and granted, before you leave Australia. You will not be able to get one after you depart Australia.

How to do you apply for an Australian visa in Bali?

Visa applications in Bali are dealt with by an Australian Visa Application Centre (AVAC), not the Australian Consulate General that provides consular and other services.

You will need to make an appointment as soon as possible – see on how to make an appointment

The general information page on applying for a visa in Indonesia can be found here -

Where is the AVAC located in Bali?

AVAC in Bali is located at -

Benoa Square 3rd floor No. 7-9.3/A
Jalan Bypass I Gusti Ngurah Rai No. 21A
Kedonganan, Kuta, Bali – 80361 Indonesia

Opening Hours: 
Monday to Friday : 08.30 to 16.00
(Except on Public Holidays)

If you need more detailed advice on bridging visas or further assistance in relation to your particular circumstances, please contact Putt Legal.



Win for Putt Legal client in the Federal Court – meaning of ‘dependent child’

We are delighted to report a recent win in the Federal Court in relation to a longstanding client, Jodie Cole.

Jodie arrived in Australia in February 2013 on a Working Holiday Visa. In February 2014, she lodged an onshore application for a Child visa, sponsored by her father. At the time of the application, Jodie was aged 20, and therefore had to establish that she was dependent on her parents or incapacitated for work.

She made the application as a “disabled child”, disclosing on the application form that she was reliant on her parents for all needs, including accommodation, money, food and clothing. The application was supported by medical letters stating that Jodie suffered from depression, anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder due to a serious childhood trauma.

In July 2014, the Department of Immigration requested further medical information and a health examination. The family complied with the request, including providing a letter from a registered clinical psychologist as to the nature of Jodie’s condition. In August 2014, a Medical Officer of the Commonwealth (‘MOC’) determined that Jodie met the visa’s health requirements.

In October 2014, Jodie’s visa application was refused essentially because ‘the MOC found the Appellant was not incapacitated for work’. The Delegate did not accept that Jodie had a medical condition which met the definition of being ‘incapacitated for work due to the total or partial loss of the child’s bodily of mental functions’ as required by the Migration Regulations.

Jodie’s family then lodged a merits review application in the Administrative Appeals Tribunal. The Tribunal was provided with evidence that Jodie was incapacitated for work due to her PTSD and severe depression, and was totally dependent on her parents for financial support. The Tribunal was informed that Jodie had been employed from time to time but was presented with evidence which indicated that that she was unable to work full time until she had addressed her mental health concerns.

The Tribunal took the view that the legislative definition of “dependent child” meant that Jodie had to be completely (as opposed to partially) incapacitated from all work, in order to be eligible for the visa.  Accordingly, it concluded that she was not a “dependent child” as there was evidence she had been able to work on a part time basis.  The Tribunal therefore affirmed the refusal decision.

An appeal to the Federal Circuit Court failed, with the Court adopting the view that a person must be completely incapacitated from work in order to meet the definition.

Federal Court Appeal

Putt Legal assisted Jodie with an appeal to the Full Court of the Federal Court. The appeal raised two grounds –

  1. That the Tribunal misconstrued the definition of “incapacity” and the legislative intention did not preclude a statutory interpretation of being “wholly or substantially” incapacitated for work; and
  2. That the Tribunal failed to apply the correct test in determining incapacity to work.

The Court accepted both grounds, ruling that the definition, correctly interpreted, did not require a person to be completely incapacitated but included situations where an applicant might be “substantially incapacitated” for work, noting that ‘to adopt the Minister’s interpretation would mean that a child with illness, who is unable to work at all and is, therefore, dependent on her parents for the necessities of life would meet the dependent child definition, that is, someone who is completely incapacitated, would meet the definition, but another child with the same condition, who has only a small working capacity of, say, ten hours per week, but cannot earn sufficient funds for rent, food, clothing etc. and is equally dependent on his or her parents, would not qualify for a visa. That would be a surprising conclusion…”

Why is this case important?

The Federal Court’s ruling provides much needed clarity to the definition of “dependent child”, where it relates to children who have turned 18 but are unable to work due to a disability.

And of course, it means that Jodie and her family are one step closer to ending the ongoing legal battle to achieve permanent residence. The Tribunal will now be required to make the decision again according to the correct interpretation of the law.

New Global Talent Scheme visa to be introduced – July 2018

The Government announced on 19 March 2018 that a new visa scheme to attract highly skilled global talent and deliver innovation to Australia will be piloted from 1 July 2018.

The Government recognises there is competition globally for high-tech skills and talent, and that attracting these people helps to transfer skills to Australian workers and grow Australian-based businesses.

The Global Talent Scheme will consist of two components:

  1. Established business stream;
  2. Start up stream.

In relation to both streams, a four year Temporary Skill Shortage visa (TSS) will be issued with permanent residence applications available after three years. The visa applicant must not have any familial relationship with directors/shareholders of the sponsor company.

If a position ceases the visa holder will have 60 days to find a new sponsor or new visa or depart Australia.

The Government will consult further on the details of the scheme over the next few months, before piloting it for 12 months, starting 1 July 2018. An industry advisory group will provide ongoing guidance for the pilot.

Established business stream

Established businesses with an annual turnover of more than $4 million (for the last 2 years), or publicly listed, will be able to sponsor highly skilled and experienced individuals (at least 3 years relevant work experience) for positions with earnings above $180,000 into Australia.

The employers will need to be able to demonstrate that they prioritise the employment of Australians and that there will be skills transfer to Australian workers as a result of the person being granted a visa. The sponsoring business must have a track record of hiring and training Australians.

·         Companies can access up to 20 positions per year

·         Labour market testing for the specific position

Start Up Stream

The Technology-based and STEM-related start-up businesses will also be able to sponsor experienced people with specialised technology skills.

STEM related fields include digital; biomedical; agtech et al.

Start-ups will need to be recognised by a start-up authority and demonstrate that they prioritise the employment of Australians.

·         Companies can access up to 5 positions per year

·         Financial criteria still to determined – possibly will relate to working capital or capital raised threshold

·         Minimum annual salary at market salary rate, but must have cash component of at least the Temporary Skilled Migration Income Threshold (currently $53,900).

Please contact Putt Legal if you wish to ascertain more details, or discuss your visa options more generally